WARNING! Due to the fact that Russia annexed the Crimea, we have introduced a moratorium on sending tourists there. We caution that the stay on the territory of Crimea is dangerous for your health and safety.

sudak10Brief information

Sudak is a historic townlet of about 15,000 inhabitants in Crimea, situated 57 km to the west of Feodosia and 104 km to the east of Simferopol. Today it is a popular resort, best known for its Genoese fortress, the best preserved on the northern shore of the Black Sea. Sudak was founded by Greek merchants from Byzantium in the 3rd century AD. The original Greek name for the city was Sougdeia, meaning “Sogdian”. The Khazars pronounced its name as Sugdak, the Slavs as Surozh, and the Italians as Soldaia. The Life of St. Stephen of Surozh describes the 8th-century town as a dependency of the Byzantine Empire. About 800, it was supposedly attacked by the Rus chieftain, Bravlin. It is thought that the Khazars retained the town from the early 800s until 1016, when the Byzantines finally defeated the local warlord Georgius Tzul. Afterwards, the town seems to have preserved some sort of autonomy within the Byzantine Empire.

The Cumans sacked the city in the 11th century. The Mongols further damaged its prosperity in 1223 and 1239. The Seljuk Sultanate of Iconium army and fleet from Sinop held and fortified Sudak in 1224. Several years later, the site was occupied by the Venetians (members of the Polo family and other Venetian merchants having resided in the town since the 12th century), who ceded it to Genoese control in 1365. The Ottomans wrestled it from the Genoese in 1475 and, after much looting, gave to the Crimean Khanate. In 1771, Sudak was occupied by Rumyantsev`s army. 12 years later, it definitively passed to the Russian Empire, with the rest of Crimea. In 1801, the first Russian school of viticulture was opened there.

Sudak is the Land of Sun. Town is situated on Crimean South-East coast far away from the big industrial objects and cities. Genoese Fortress is a symbol and pride of Sudak. These towers with a rich and pride past are standing here during 600 years. The favorite leisure place in Sudak is its renovated Promenade with a lot of restaurants, bars and Aquapark. Past greatness of Sudak is obliged to the Great Silk Way, which combined a number of historical and cultural treasures of different civilizations: Chineese, Indian, Slavonik, Roman…


How to get there

– Nearest airport
– By bus
Take a bus from Simferopol railway station, which arrives every 30 min (en route about 2 h). You can get a taxi also (about EUR 45 per car).