The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant Zone of Alienation is an officially designated exclusion zone around the site of the Chernobyl nuclear reactor disaster. It is also commonly known as the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, the 30 Kilometre Zone, or simply The Zone. Established by the USSR military soon after the 1986 disaster, it initially existed as an area of 30 km radius from the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant designated for evacuation and placed under military control. Its borders have since been altered to cover a larger area of Ukraine.
Chernihiv, the capital of the northern most province of Ukraine, is situated on the right (western) bank of the Desna river 140 km north of the Ukrainian capital Kyiv along the international highway Odessa – Kyiv – St. Petersburg – Helsinki. It is also located 80 km east as the crow flies from the Lenin Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant. Chernihiv is slightly more than 78 sq km with a population of 310,000. Founded in the VII cent., this first capital of the slavic Siverian tribes joined Kyivan-Rus in the IX cent., was destroyed by the Tartars in the XIV cent., captured by the Lithuanians in the XV cent. and fell under Polish rule in the XVII cent.
The destiny of Chernivtsi, as a city and the capital of the duchy of Bukovina is inseparably linked with the history of the Austrian empire. That Chernivtsi whose wonderful buildings we can still admire nowadays, was built during the Austrian period, a splendid epoch for the city. Chernivtsi has a surprising ability to share experiences and energy with its guests. It is the energy which has been accumulated in the city architecture, some kind of representation of economic and cultural power of the national groups that live here. One can feel some especial atmosphere over the city.
Кamyanets-Podilskyi – one of the oldest historical cities of Ukraine, the main city of Podillya, the significant phenomenon in the European culture. An original geopolitic arrangement near historical borders, overland and water ways, basic of which Dnestr, and also an arrangement of city on unapproachable rocky island was has defined its basic function – a frontier fortress. For centuries-old history Kamyanets not time passed from hands in hands of different conquerors. In due time it Tatar-Mongols, Polish-Lithuanian shlyakhta, Turks, Austro-Hungarians, the Russian imperialists and bolsheviks, fascist invaders owned. Accordingly, each historical period has imposed the print on topography and architecture of Old city.
The town of Medzhybizh is situated between the rivers Buh (old name — Boh) and Buzhok, hence the name (medzh – between, bizh or bozh – from the name of the rivers). The exact date of its foundation is not known but there is enough evidence to suggest that the fortress of Medzhybizh dates back to the early medieval times. In the 15th-16th centuries, it grew to be a major fortress of the Grand Principality of Lithuania. In the mid-16th century the Polish noble family of Zaslavskys, which ruled the area, began building new fortifications…
Uman is a city located in the Cherkasy Oblast (province) in central Ukraine, to the east of Vinnytsia. The city rests on the banks of the Umanka River at around 48°45′N 30°13′E, and serves as the self-governing administrative center of the Uman Raion (district). Among Ukrainians, Uman is known for its depiction of the haidamak rebellions in Taras Shevchenko’s longest of poems, Haidamaky (“The Haidamaks”, 1843). A large Jewish community lived in Uman in the 18th and 19th centuries. During the Second World War, in 1941, the Battle of Uman took place in the vicinity of the town, where the German army encircled Soviet positions.