The town was founded in 1032 as Yuriev by Yaroslav the Wise, whose Christian name was Yuri. The present name of the city, literally translated, is “White Church” and may refer to the (no longer existing) white-painted cathedral of medieval Yuriev. Since 1363 it belonged to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and since 1569 to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Was granted Magdeburg Rights in 1620 by Sigismund III Vasa. The Treaty of Bila Tserkva between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Ukrainian Cossack rebels under Bohdan Khmelnytsky was signed here in 1651.
Chernihiv, the capital of the northern most province of Ukraine, is situated on the right (western) bank of the Desna river 140 km north of the Ukrainian capital Kyiv along the international highway Odessa – Kyiv – St. Petersburg – Helsinki. It is also located 80 km east as the crow flies from the Lenin Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant. Chernihiv is slightly more than 78 sq km with a population of 310,000. Founded in the VII cent., this first capital of the slavic Siverian tribes joined Kyivan-Rus in the IX cent., was destroyed by the Tartars in the XIV cent., captured by the Lithuanians in the XV cent. and fell under Polish rule in the XVII cent.
The destiny of Chernivtsi, as a city and the capital of the duchy of Bukovina is inseparably linked with the history of the Austrian empire. That Chernivtsi whose wonderful buildings we can still admire nowadays, was built during the Austrian period, a splendid epoch for the city. Chernivtsi has a surprising ability to share experiences and energy with its guests. It is the energy which has been accumulated in the city architecture, some kind of representation of economic and cultural power of the national groups that live here. One can feel some especial atmosphere over the city.
Crimea is a peninsula of Ukraine located on the northern coast of the Black Sea with the Autonomous Republic of Crimea occupying most of the peninsula. It was often referred to with the definite article, as the Crimea, until well into the 20th century. Crimea possesses significant historical and natural resources and is a region where it is possible to find practically any type of landscape; mountain ranges and plateaus, grasslands, caves. Further Saki poses unique therapeutic mud and Yevpatoria has vast empty beaches with the purest quartz sand.
The city of Dnipropetrovsk is situated on the Dnipro River in East-Central Ukraine, and has a population 1,200,000. Large and beautiful, it is the main city of East-Central Ukraine. The old fortress settlement has existed since the middle of the 16th century. The new town was founded in 1776 by the Russian Prince, Potemkin by order of Catherine II, Empress of the Russian Empire and was called Yekaterinoslav (Ekaterinoslav) from 1776 to 1926. During 1918 the town`s name was Sicheslav (The Glory for Sich`/Fortress of Cossacks). Dnipropetrovsk has been the major center of the steel industry from the beginning of the 20th century until the present. It has also dominated in the space building industry since the 1950s.
It is realy possible to name modern Donetsk, city with the population 1,1 million, one of significant in Ukraine cultural, scientific and business centers . Economy of city represents by more than two hundred state enterprises, and also nearby 20 thousand registered enterprises of small and average business. Education represents by 38 higher educational institutions, 24 technical training colleges. Until recently settling of the Donetsk ground connected with date of Yuz`s bookmark of a metal works. But studying of archives, materials of historical-statistical collections, and also researches of local regional specialists have opened new indisputable facts.
Кamyanets-Podilskyi – one of the oldest historical cities of Ukraine, the main city of Podillya, the significant phenomenon in the European culture. An original geopolitic arrangement near historical borders, overland and water ways, basic of which Dnestr, and also an arrangement of city on unapproachable rocky island was has defined its basic function – a frontier fortress. For centuries-old history Kamyanets not time passed from hands in hands of different conquerors. In due time it Tatar-Mongols, Polish-Lithuanian shlyakhta, Turks, Austro-Hungarians, the Russian imperialists and bolsheviks, fascist invaders owned. Accordingly, each historical period has imposed the print on topography and architecture of Old city.
Kharkiv (Ukrainian), or Kharkov is the second largest city in Ukraine (after Kyiv, of course). 3/4 century ago it lost its status of the capital of Ukraine (Soviet Ukraine) but we think it has all the chances to get this status back. The population of Kharkov (in October, 2008) was 1 453,1 people. Kharkiv has a rich cultural, scientific, educational, transport and industrial life. City hosts hundreds of industrial companies. Even during the crisis the city is developing. New hotels are being built. Transport system of Kharkov is one of the best in Ukraine. During preparation to Euro 2012, city government repaired many roads and changed some of marshrutka on central streets to make the traffic less heavy. Kharkiv metro is 35 km long and has 28 stations.
People go to Kolomyia for the different reasons: for study, for shoping, for work, to visit theatre, museums, etc. Probably, even simply to get acquainted with this town. Kolomyia is a real tresure because it can offer the visitors more, than the majority of them expects. Kolomyia is situatted in South-East part of Ivano-Frankivsk province, on half-roads between Ivano-Frankivsk and Chernivtsi. Owing to its successful arrangement tourists have named town “Gates of the Carpathians”. There passes the railway through Kolomyia. Except for it the basic tourist routes from the West on the East pass all through the town.
Kyiv (also known as Kiev), a scenic city of close to 3 million people situated on the Dnipro River, is the bustling capital of Ukraine. Ancient Kievan Rus, which reached its greatest period of ascendancy during the 11th and 12th centuries, was a center of trade routes between the Baltic and the Mediterranean. The art and architecture of Kyiv are world treasures. The Cathedral of St. Sophia, where the princes of Kyiv were crowned in the years of Kyiv`s grandeur, has outstanding mosaics and frescoes dating back to the 11th century. Overlooking the old section of Kyiv, Podol, stands the Ukrainian Baroque church of St. Andrew, much beloved by Ukrainians.
Lviv is a city in western Ukraine. Capital of the historical region of Galicia, Lviv is now regarded as one of the main cultural centres of today’s Ukraine. The historical heart of Lviv with its old buildings and cobblestone roads has survived World War II and ensuing Nazi and Soviet occupation largely unscathed. The city has many industries and institutions of higher education such as Lviv University and Lviv Polytechnic. Lviv is also a home to many world-class cultural institutions, including a philharmonic orchestra and the famous Lviv Theatre of Opera and Ballet. The historic city centre is on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Lviv celebrated its 750th anniversary with a son et lumière in the city centre in September 2006.
Hidden away in the heart of Zakarpattia, surrounded by lush, majestic mountains, is one of the most magnificent cities in Ukraine, renowned for its unique history. On its tiny territory, Mukachevo has been able to fit an astounding number of original sights. The interweaving of different layers of history and culture, reflected in the city’s original appearance, its mysterious medieval atmosphere, and amazing harmony attract and delight even the most seasoned travelers. Mukachevo is an ancient city. Historians precise information about the start of its history, though it is known that by the 10th and 11th centuries, it was already a developed part of the Kyivan Rus.
Odessa is the third largest city in Ukraine, with a population of 1,003,705. The city is a major seaport located on the northwestern shore of the Black Sea and the administrative center of the Odessa Oblast. The predecessor of Odessa, a small Tatar settlement, was founded by Hacı I Giray, the Khan of Crimea, in 1440 and originally named after him as “Hacıbey”. After a period of Lithuanian control, it passed into the domain of the Ottoman Sultan in 1529 and remained in Ottoman hands until the Ottoman Empire’s defeat in the Russo-Turkish War of 1792. The city of Odessa was founded by a decree of the Empress Catherine the Great in 1794. From 1819 to 1858 Odessa was a free port.
Carpathian Mountains are often called the Green Pearl of Ukraine. Carpathian Mountains are located in Western Ukraine and take over 4% of the territory of the country. Mountains are situated on the territory of four Ukrainian regions: region of Zakarpattya (Transcarpathians), Lviv, Ivano-Frankivsk (Pre-Carpathians) and a part of Chernivtsi region. The highest top of the Carpathians is Goverla (2061m). The rivers Dnister and Prut start to flow from the Carpathian Mountains.
Uman is a city located in the Cherkasy Oblast (province) in central Ukraine, to the east of Vinnytsia. The city rests on the banks of the Umanka River at around 48°45′N 30°13′E, and serves as the self-governing administrative center of the Uman Raion (district). Among Ukrainians, Uman is known for its depiction of the haidamak rebellions in Taras Shevchenko’s longest of poems, Haidamaky (“The Haidamaks”, 1843). A large Jewish community lived in Uman in the 18th and 19th centuries. During the Second World War, in 1941, the Battle of Uman took place in the vicinity of the town, where the German army encircled Soviet positions.
Located at the foothills of the majestic Carpathians, this town is the capital of Zakarpattia (Transcarpathians), with a population of over 120,000. It was first mentioned in the chronicles in 903 AD. The original castle was built in the 10th c., rebuilt by the bishop of Mukhachevo in the 16th c., and today is a historical museum noted for its archeological collection. Do not miss the unique neo-Baroque Ukrainian Catholic Church (1732) and adjacent residence of the Bishops of Mukachevo from 1644. There are a lot of architectural monuments in Uzhgorod – Uzhgorodsky castle (it is known from the 11th century), a bishop’s palace (1646), a Catholic church in baroque style (1762-1767), a city hall (1810). In 1930s, Czech architects created an architectural ensemble of Uzhgorod center in the form close to constructionism.
Yaremche is one of the most popular climate resorts of Ukraine. In any season the tourists can engage in the whole range of activities matching most fastidious tastes – in winter it might be tobogganing, crossing country and downhill skiing; in spring and summertime – the tourists can hike to alpine meadows where there are plenty of odorous berries. The Prut River prompts and invites to water tourism. The fabulous colors of the autumnal forest, rich for mushrooms, the unique beauty of mountainous landscapes, fresh and balmy air contributes to the perfect conditions for full-fledged, vivifying rest.Share