1. Tauric Chersonese

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The Chersonese is a unique monument of antiquity on the territory of modern Ukraine. It is recognized as one of Seven Wonders of Ukraine and was listed to the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The excavations of the Chersonese on the territory of modern Sevastopol started only in the middle in XIX century. “Ukrainian Troy” – in such way researchers named the Chersonese. Owing to archeologists’ work, houses, streets, squares, temples, workshops, wineries, the mint, and towers, as a phoenix-bird, revived again. The necessity to preserve such unique findings became the reason for creating the Tauric Chersonese National Preserve on the ancient city’s territory. Today on the preserve’s territory, you can walk along the old city’s main street, residential quarters, and squares; see the underground temple-mausoleum; admire the ruins of ancient theatre, a basilica – the city’s most mysterious temples and tower ruins.

2. Balaklava

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The town on the south-east of Sevastopol, whose name in Turkish means « fish-jack » (Balik-lav). It is located on the banks of the picturesque curved bay reminding a fjord. According to some scientists the bay meets the description lestrigonov port where allegedly hit during his travels drevnegrecheskyi hero Odysseus. Balaklava is both unique nature capes Aya and Fiolent, and the romantic ruins of the Genoese fortress Chembalo (in 2002 it began to hold jousting tournaments, opened a small museum) and the mysterious ancient temples fanned by poetic legends. Not less legends goes on countless treasures of an English frigate « Black Prince », which sank during the Crimean War in 1854. Then a lot of children of the aristocratic families of Great Britain died in the battle of Balaklava siblings.

3. Bakhchisaray Khan’s Palace 

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In Bakhchisaray, the must-see is the Khan’s Palace (“Hansaray”) that dates back to the 1500s. It was the center of the Crimean Khanate (a Muslim Tatar state) and remained a political-cultural-religious hub for the Crimean Tatars until 1944 when Stalin sent the populace into exile. Today the palace is a museum consisting of an extended stand of buildings, gardens, fountains, and minarets. Bakhchisaray’s Khan’s Palace has been nominated to be included in the UNESCO World Heritage site and is the only extant palace of the Crimean Khanate. The only other two Muslim palaces in Europe are Spain’s Alhambra and Turkey’s Topkapi Palace. Although visitors can enter into the palace’s courtyard for free, a fee is charged to enter the buildings. Visitors can tour on their own or as part of a guided tour (English language tours can be arranged).

4. Cold War Museum (Factory to repair submarines)

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Object № 825 GTS – the so-called built in the 50s of last century in Balaklava underground plant to repair submarines. Construction of the plant, was part of a comprehensive plan of Stalin to protect important industrial and defense facilities of a nuclear attack. Such constructions nobody in the world built. In the interior of rock had been cut down in the cave where paved roads, built a shop, lock chambers, arsenals, depots, docks for submarines, deep-water channel, a dry dock and accommodations. The plant was equipped with independent power supply and mechanical ventilation. In the case of nuclear attack here could hide 3,000 people, including the crews of nine submarines. And he bunker capable of withstanding a nuclear strike on the force five times greater than the attack on Hiroshima. The plant was in operation until 1993. At present, despite the fact that the factory was badly damaged by vandals and looters, « Metal », it remains a military-historical monument since the « cold war ».

5. Chufut Cale Cave Town

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Chufut-Kale (Tatar for « Jew’s fortress ») is located not far from Bakhchisaray, on the plateau that towers 200 m above neighboring valleys and is limited with precipices up to 50 m high from three sides. This fortress was established in the late 6th or 7th century as a Byzantine stronghold and populated with local tribes of the Alans, who were the allies of the Empire. Today, the site of Chufut-Kale presents the fortification system with defensive walls, southern and eastern gates, and towers; streets with narrow sidewalks, dwelling houses, praying houses of the Karaites, or « kenassas »; the mausoleum of Djanike-Khanym who were the daughter of the khan Tokhtamysh; and cave constructions, which were carved for various purposes.

6. Panorama « Defense of Sevastopol in 1854-1855 »

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The Panorama « Defense of Sevastopol in 1854-1855 » is the well-known work of battle art and the monument to the heroic defenders of Sevastopol in Crimea (Crimean, Eastern) War 1853-1856, which was unleashed in the fight for the influence on the Middle East by Great Britain, France, Turkey and Sardinia against Russia. The Panorama tells about one of the 349 days of the Sevastopol devence – on June 6(18), 1855, when the defenders repelled the assault of the fortifications of the Korabelnaya Quarter. The panorama’s canvas is 14m x 115 m, the area of the life-size plan is about 1000 sq.m.

7. Sunken Ships Monument

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Monument to the Scuttled Ships on Primorsky Boulevard was built in 1905 and erected in the sea in memory of Russian ships scuttled here to block the entrance into Sevastopol harbour and port, this Monument became world-famous symbol of Sevastopol.

8. The Count’s Quay

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One of the main symbols of Sevastopol, a city-naval base for Ukrainian and Russian Black Sea fleets and a scandal center of NATO-phobia in the Crimea, is Grafska (Count’s) Quay. Today it has its old name back, but in early Soviet years the quay was named after the revolutionary Third International (a communism organisation also known as The Comintern). Today it is a parade berth, and used to be a simple wooden boat-handling peer in old times. Starting from Nakhimov Square, located in the centre of Sevastopol, its granite steps go down to the Black Sea.

9. Kalamita Fortress

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The ruins of the once majestic Kalamita fortress, standing on the picturesque Monastic Rock’s plateau in the Sevastopol outskirts, is one of the most interesting monuments of medieval Crimea’s fortification architecture, which is rightly reckoned among the most unique sights on the peninsula. The first fortifications appeared here back in the 6th century. Built by Byzantines, they served as protection of trade routes leading from steppe Crimea to the Chersonese. By the 14th century, the fortifications were almost totally destroyed and the medieval princedom’s ruler Feodoro, who owned the southwestern part of the peninsula, ordered to build the Kalamita fortress on their place. It was aimed to protect the only trade port in the princedom.

10. Malakhov Kurgan

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It was 1851 when this name first appeared on plans and maps and it was named after M.Malakhov, who was the staff captain of the Black Sea Fleet. The memorial complex here is a monument to both Crimean War 1854-1855 and WW II. In this place the main bastion of this side of the city stood and this hill was the place the French army focused most of its attacks. Three admirals Kornilov, Nakhimov and Istomin were fatally injured here. On the top of the hill there is a defensive tower, one of few preserved fortification structures of the middle of 19th century. Over 20 monuments and memorial marks tell visitors about heroic deeds of defenders of Sevastopol.